At this time Córdoba was the largest, most prosperous cities of Europe, outshining Byzantium and Baghdad in science, culture and the arts. The Great Mosque of Cordoba is a prime example of the Muslem world’s ability to brilliantly develop architectural styles based on pre-existing regional traditions. The mosque-cathedral. The Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba, also known as the Great Mosque of Córdoba, whose ecclesiastical name is the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption, is the Catholic cathedral of the Diocese of Córdoba dedicated to the Assumption of the Virgin Mary and located in the Spanish region of Andalusia.. The evolution of the “Omeya” style in Spain is resumed in the history of the Mosque of Cordoba, as well as other styles such as the Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque of the Christian architecture. The Great Mosque: History and Exterior The Great Mosque of Córdoba (commonly referred to as La Mezquita) is one of the jewels of Islamic civilisation. The Great Mosque of Cordoba. The first part, patio or portico sahn houses the minaret beneath the Renaissance tower, which is the only intervention that Abd al-Rahman III was in the mosque. Here is an extraordinary combination of the familiar and the innovative, a formal stylistic vocabulary that can be recognized as “Islamic” even today. Standing in the historic centre, it is one of the most beautiful examples of Muslim art in Spain. It is to Córdoba what the Alhambra Palace is to Granada and the Giralda tower is to Seville, a unique focal point of identification, appropriated by Christians through conquest. A graceful Mosque that was built on the ruins of a ruined Christian Church, Famous for its horseshoe arches, it provides a striking example of the sophistication provided by the fusion of Jewish, Muslim and Christian art. Is now a museum. The Mezquita Mosque of Cordoba Spain is one of the most beautiful mosques ever built. The development of the Great Mosque paralleled these new heights of splendour. “Prime example of the muslim world’s ability to brilliantly develop architectural styles based on pre-existing regional traditions” (Khan Academy, The Great Mosque of Cordoba) “An extraordinary combination of the familiar & the innovative” (Khan Academy, The Great Mosque of Cordoba) The Great Mosque of Cordoba is regarded by many people as an influential artwork in the establishment and evolution of Islamic architecture. The Mezquita (Mosque) dates back to the 10th century when Córdoba reached its zenith under a new emir, Abd ar-Rahman III who was one of the great rulers of Islamic history. The Great Mosque of Cordoba is a mixture of architectural styles superimposed on one another over the nine centuries its construction and renovations lasted. The building is also mystifying due to the nature of its features whose origin is still anonymous (Brebbia & Boquera, 2017). The mosque’s most-photographed aspect is its vast main hall, which is supported by over 850 double-arched columns. The mosque in Córdoba, to 23,400 m2, was the second largest in the world after that of Mecca, until in 1588 the Blue Mosque in Istanbul exceeded.The mosque is divided into two distinct parts. The Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba is the most important monument of all the Western Islamic world, and one of the most amazing in the world. It is the third-largest mosque in the world and also one of the oldest because it contains a Christian cathedral that was built inside it after the Moors got expelled in 1236.