Mughal dynasty, Muslim dynasty of Turkic-Mongol origin that ruled most of northern India from the early 16th to the mid-18th century. Most of the Mughal army either got killed or drowned in Ganga. It was a militaristic kingdom with a large and well-trained army ... What were the two key features of the Mongol army? 1.Strong rulers and effective administrators- Mughal hierarchy was great. The administrative organization of the Mughal Empire allowed it to prosper for more than two centuries before being overrun by the Marathas. Mughal Administration *The Central Government* == *Provincial Administration* == *Finances* == *Military Organization* == *The Judiciary* [[209]] BEFORE following the fate of the Mughal empire under Aurangzeb's successors in the eighteenth century, it will be useful to outline the main features of administration under the four great emperors. Babur (1483–1530), who founded the empire, was able to defeat Ibrahim Lodi (1459–1526) of the last Delhi Sultanate at the First Battle of Panipat in 1526. The cavalry was the principal arm of the Mughal army and the ‘Mansabdars’ provided the overwhelming proportion of it. Humayun was again defeated and fled to live in exile for 15 years. This battle took place when Akbar was thirteen years old. In contrast the last great Mughal emperor Ālamgīr abolished all of the policies favoring minorities and small religious groups. Then he decided to expand into more of these groups’ land. Mughal Army. This system would maintain the power within the government, the general population and outside the empire using their disposal of the army. There were few major battles in Mughal history for that reason. XVI. Sieges were far more difficult, although the Mughals could normally force their opponents to surrender for terms. It took Akbar eight more years to capture the rest of Hemu’s territory. Changez Khan organized his army on a decimal basis, the lowest unit of his army was ten, and the highest ten thousand (toman) ... Mughal Administration: Key Features & Structure. Thanks for A2A. The British exiled the last Mughal. 3. Ans: The Mughal provincial administration was like the central administration as mentioned below : There were diwan, bakhshi and sadr corresponding the central ministers – Diwan-i ala, mir-bakshi and sadr-us sudur. The Mughals benefited from the prestige of Babur’s great victories, but they certainly had superiority in … How did the centre control the provinces ? Military Role in Society Early in Mughal history the military only accepted Muslim people to fight in the battles but later they accepted Hindus and others. The major part of the Mughal army, the artillery, was now immobile, and Humayun decided to engage in some diplomacy using Muhammad Aziz as ambassador. Humayun agreed to allow Sher Shah to rule over Bengal and Bihar, but only as provinces granted to him by his Emperor, Humayun… 5. The Mughal army then defeated their confused enemy. Battle of Sammel: 1543: Sher Shah Suri and Rajputs of Marwar Flying horses and gunpowder Iron weapons and armor After one year of Battle of Chausa, both Mughal army and Sher Shah Suri under leadership of afghans again confronted near Kannauj. It was highly trusted army directly recruited by him. Discuss the major features of Mughal provincial administration. The third gunpowder empire, India's Mughal Empire, offers perhaps the most dramatic example of modern weaponry carrying the day. In addition to the mansabdars, the Mughal emperors had also employed individual troopers, namely ‘Ahadis.’ Army Apart from this, Akbar maintained a regular standing army of his own which was directly under his control. The cavalry was the main constituent of the Mughal army. 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