Akbar also maintained a standing army. Find an answer to your question Describe the Rajput policy of Akbar in short sentences 1. He builts the Ibadatkhana at Fathepur Sikri to conduct religious discussions. The Rajputs then revolted against the Mughal empire. This is a clear reflection of a change in Akbar’s ideological outlook. Log in. The cavalry was the most important branch of the Mughal army. For this he adopted all possible measures like matrimonial alliances and assigning higher posts to Rajput chiefs. Aurangzeb reversed the policy which was enunciated by Akbar and pursued by Jahangir and Shah Jahan.The Rajputs were the greatest obstacle in his pursuance of policy against the Hindus. It was introduced by Akbar in 1580 A.D. He formed strong and stable empire with the help of the Rajputs, a martial clan among the Hindus, and got rid of the influence of the conspirators in his empire. There were certain basic principles of the religious policy of Akbar. (Akbar’s Rajput Policy has been given in separate topic) Akbar with the exception of Chittor’s Rana Pratap, managed to secure the allegiance of all the Rajput kingdoms. What is the significance of the Rajput Policy adopted by Akbar? Akbar introduced new administrative measures like Mansabdari system and Jagirdari system. Ask your question. A large number of them Were absorbed in Mughal nobility and helped Akbar in expanding and consolidating the Mughal Empire. Akbar wanted to be friendly with these Rajputs states instead of subjugating. The Rajput alliance helped Akbar to extend and strengthen Mughal Empire in India. The policy of aggressive aggrandizement was abandoned and sulh-i-kul or a policy of peaceful coexistence with all was adopted. A prominent example of these rules included the re-imposition of Jaziya, which had been abolished by Akbar. Aurangzeb, therefore, attempted to destroy the power of the Rajputs and annex their kingdoms. Join now. To unify the vast Mughal state, Akbar established a centralised system of administration throughout his empire and adopted a policy of conciliating conquered rulers through marriage and diplomacy. Din-i-Ilahi-Akbar had followed the policy of universal tolerance in the sphere of religion. Akbar’s policy towards Rajput was combined with broad religious toleration. But Akbar invited the Hindu saints like Prushottam. 7. [69] Relations with the Portuguese. The process of decline of the Mughal empire set in at the time of Aurangzeb and new regional powers arose. As a result of this movement, a great deal of rulers in various parts of India adopted a more liberal policy … It was calculated on the average produce and prices of different crops during the last ten years. Dahsala: - 'Dahsala' was the system of revenue assessment based on figures of the last ten years. Best answer. 1. Meanwhile, the bhakti movement had created a new atmosphere in India. RAJPUT POLICY OF AKBAR Akbar realised that he could not consolidate his empire without the support of the Rajputs. Sulh-i-kul was another essential feature of Akbar’s theory of kingship. The liberal measures such as the abolition of jizyah, remission of pilgrim taxes, etc fortified people’s faith in Akbar as a liberal ruler. To preserve peace and order in a religiously and culturally diverse empire, he adopted policies that won him the support of his non-Muslim subjects. Akbar’s Rajput policy proved extremely successful for the Mughal Empire and is considered the best example of his diplomatic skills. Aurangzeb reversed the policy which was enunciated by Akbar and pursued by Jahangir and Shah Jahan. Udai Singh retired to the hills of Mewar, leaving two Rajput warriors, Jaimal and Patta, in charge of the defense of his capital. He adopted a friendly policy towards them. Mention three main features of Akbar’s Rajput Policy. He was a far sighted ruler who knew that there could be no permanent Mughal rule in India without the support of the Rajputs. The fortress-capital of Mewar was of great strategic importance as it lay on the shortest route from Agra to Gujarat and was also considered a key to holding the interior parts of Rajputana. Akbar wanted to be friendly with these Rajputs states instead of subjugating. Akbar adopted a special policy to handle the Rajputs. After the mid-16th century, many Rajput rulers formed close relationships with the Mughal emperors and served them in different capacities. Ask for details ; Follow Report by Tombing 16.06.2018 Log in to add a comment [[150]] The Mughal theory of kingship as it emerged under Akbar, while rooted in the basic pattern laid down by Balban, has important features of its own. It is stated that Akbar’s Rajput policy was a part of a broad policy of wooing the zamindars and martial classes which included the Rajputs and Afghans. 11. Akbar's policy. Page No 43: Question B.2: Explain the Zabt or Bandobast system of land revenue. Log in. What measures did Akbar adopt to reorganize and strengthen the army? He adopted nondiscriminatory approach towards all communities. The Mughal Empire, CBSE History Class 7 Chapter Wise Solved Q&A 1. The Rajputs were the greatest obstacle in his pursuance of policy against the Hindus. For example – Raja Bihari Mal and his son, Bhagwandas, Raja Man Singh, Raja Todar Mal, Birbal etc., were given high … In 1562, he abolished jiziya. Akbar’s Rajput Policy. Akbar’s policy towards the Rajputs: Rajputs were the powerful enemies of the Mughals. It’s Akbar’s religious policy that made way to his name in the history pages. Jahangir married Mehrunnisa in 1611 and bestowed her with the title ‘Nur Jahan’. Originally the discussion was confined to the Muslim saints only. In 1567, Akbar moved to reduce the Chittorgarh Fort in Mewar. The Mughal Empire, CBSE History Class 7 Chapter Wise Solved Q&A Rajput (from Sanskrit raja-putra, "son of a king") ... Akbar's diplomatic policy regarding the Rajputs was later damaged by the intolerant rules introduced by his great-grandson Aurangzeb. Akbar‟s Rajput views and his contact with Hinduism, on the other hand, made an impression on his imaginative mind. Give three measures adopted by them. He abandoned the traditional Muslim policy of administration and ruled the country on a number of s Rajput policies adopted by Aurangzeb were strict and stern. He abolished the pilgrim tax and later the jiziya. It was due to the support of the Rajputs that Akbar was able to lay the foundations of the Mughal empire in India. While some Rajput women who entered Akbar's harem converted to Islam, ... Akbar's policy of religious tolerance ensured that employment in the imperial administration was open to all on merit irrespective of creed, and this led to an increase in the strength of the administrative services of the empire. Write about the religious and Rajput policies of Akbar. The Rajput chiefs not only offered submission to the Mughal Emperor but fought for him along with “When an Indian State signed a Subsidiary Alliance, lit virtually signed away its independence.” Why? Join now. Some Rajput nobles gave away their daughters in marriage to Mughal emperors and princes for political motives. Akbar was the first Muslim ruler of India who adopted a policy of conciliation towards the Rajputs and other non-Muslim subjects. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. answered Feb 29 by Sonu01 (50.9k points) selected Feb 29 by Guriya . Chapter 04 Akbar Class: 12th 1 ... Todar Mal under Sher Shah Suri was later on adopted by Akbar with some modifications. Conquest of Gujarat: Having consolidated his position in Central India and Rajputana, Akbar … Its literal meaning is universal peace or tolerance. He allowed his Hindu wives to worship their own gods. OR How did the British drain India’s wealth to England ? This idea was the basis of Akbar’s state system. So he adopted a friendly policy towards them. Under Aurangzeb, the Mughal empire expanded its territorial limits. For this he adopted all possible measures like matrimonial alliances and assigning higher posts to Rajput chiefs. class-12; Share It On Facebook Twitter Email. The policy of Sulh-i-kul influenced Akbar’s relationship with Rajput. 1 Answer +1 vote . The decline of the Mughal Empire. He brought a drastic change by introducing Mansabdari System in administration. The pattern adopted by Balban became the norm for Muslim India (with only minor changes of policy), and was adopted by subsequent rulers. Marriage alliances were the first technique of incorporation applied systematically by Akbar in his `Rajput policy’: these served to subordinate individual Rajput ruling clans, but also to do so within an ideological frame that was acceptable within Rajput society, since marriage networks ( sagas ) also constituted a powerful focus of both legitimacy and loyalty. Last Updated: 6th October, 2020 18:30 IST Maha's 'Amar Akbar Anthony' Govt Will Fall On Its Own:Minister Union minister Raosaheb Danve on Tuesday termed the Shiv Sena-led dispensation in Maharashtra as the "Amar, Akbar and Anthony" government which he said will fall on its own, and added that the BJP would play the role of a "strong" opposition party. Akbar’s Religious Policy. Akbar probably was the first Muslim ruler of India who adopted liberal policy of conciliation toward Rajputs and his other non Muslim subjects. Knowing this Akbar adopted a special policy to handle the Rajputs. Therefore, Akbar’s Rajput policy cemented relations with the Rajput states and ensured a case of mutual benefits. The troops were mainly supplied by the mansabdars. OR State three main factors which led to the annexation of Bijapur and Golconda by Aurangzeb. The system of branding horses and maintaining a descriptive roll of the soldiers was adopted by Akbar. Rajput policies adopted by Aurangzeb were strict and stern. He was a far sighted ruler who knew that there could be no permanent Mughal rule in India without the support of the Rajputs. He appointed the Rajputs at high positions in the administration. Get complete information on Akbar’s Religious Policy. This was the period when Akbar began to move away from the orthodoxy, a move symbolized by the mahzarnama. 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